Bowel Cancer Symptoms

The main symptoms of bowel cancer include:

Bowel Cancer Symptoms
    * Allocation of blood from the rectum: blood on toilet paper in feces (and sometimes the presence of blood, not visible for eye)
    * Diarrhea
    * Constipation
    * Stool disorder for more than several weeks
    * Anemia
    * Abdominal pain

Many of these bowel cancer symptoms are present with other diseases - from hemorrhoids to irritated bowel syndrome.

Each localization of the tumor has its own peculiarities in the appearance of first of bowel cancer symptoms. For cancer of the bowel it may be pain (periodically or continuously), or simply a sense of discomfort in the abdomen, stool disorders (diarrhea or constipation, or alternating), flatulence, changes in stool - impurity mucus, pus, blood (fresh or decomposed, black). If the tumor is located low in the rectum, then pain may occur directly at the time of defecation. In addition, there are may be a weakness, loss of flesh, increased fatigue, lack of or decreased appetite, fever, etc.

None of the symptoms by itself and even all together do not point definitely on the presence of bowel cancer, as well as oncological diseases can give similar symptoms, for example, nonspecific ulcerative colitis, Crohn’s disease, etc. That is, on the basis of only the symptoms can not be established immediately an accurate diagnosis, but it can assume range of diseases that can cause them, and to identify additional examinations.

The leading practices survey will be irrigoscopy (X-ray examination of the bowel, when make x-rays of abdomen after enema with X-ray-contrast matter - traditionally barium sulfate) and colonoscopy (bowel investigation using a flexible endoscope, introduced through the anus). There is a method of intestine ultrasound examination (ultrasound), after it filled with fluid. In tumors of the rectum also is used the rectal ultrasound probe. The other methods of research in the localization of the tumor is only in clarifying the nature of Oncology (prevalence of bladder cancer, the presence or absence of metastases in other organs).

But it is vital to diagnose as early as possible, therefore, do not ignore your ailments. Do not hesitate to visit a doctor!

Treatment options for bowel cancer.

The most common bowel cancer treatment is surgery.

The surgeon removes the tumor and surrounding lymph nodes guts. This is necessary to prevent the spread of tumors.

diagram of intestinal anatomy
Typically, the surgeon removes the part of colon and connects formed ends with each other. When this is impossible, intestine is being exteriorized on the front abdominal wall. In most cases, this is only the first stage of operation; in the second phase the ends of intestine are connected with each other, restoring the continuity of intestinal tubes and normal way of allocating stool. However, approximately 10% of patients are living with withdrawn intestine.

Sometimes, after the surgery, radiotherapy (radiation) or chemotherapy (anti-cancer drugs) is appointed to destroy the remaining cancer cells.

Treatment success depends largely on the characteristics of an organism, bowel cancer symptoms and the timing of diagnosis of cancer. If the cancer does not extend beyond the intestine, the chances of survival are 99%. They are reduced to 85% if invasion to the wall occurred, up to 66% - with the involvement of local lymph nodes and up to 35% - in the distribution to distant lymph nodes.

The relationship between bowel cancer and nutrition

Colon and rectum neoplasms most occur in the economically developed countries, owing to the peculiarities of food, lack of content of plant tissue and toxins in the diet.

The relationship between bowel cancer and nutrition

There is a direct link between the content of fat and animal protein in the diet and the level of incidence of colon cancer. This relationship mediated through the bacterial flora colon, which, with excess dietary of fat and animal protein, producing carcinogenic substances. It was also established that it is possible to reduce production of those substances by activating the enzyme produced in the small intestine. Enzyme activity increased by the number of products (turnip, cabbage), as well as antioxidants (vitamins E, C, etc.). Braking carcinogenesis also contributed by using of products containing high amount of fiber (pectin, lignin, bran). The effect is achieved primarily by reducing concentrations of carcinogens by increasing the volume of intestinal contents.

Thus, although there is no direct evidence that a diet may increase or decrease the likelihood of colon cancer, oncologists recommend reducing the amount of dietary fats and oils, but increase consumption of fresh fruits, vegetables and breads gross.

Practically all forms of bowel cancer start with benign neoplasms, but may be regenerate in a malignant mucosa, and they usually do not cause any noticeable cancer symptoms.

What causes bowel cancer

Why is that a person develops cancer, usually it is not clear. There are lot of factors. There is a link to cancer of the bowel polyps - small innocent tumors mucosa colon. The likelihood of colon cancer increased if:

* Parents, brothers or sisters suffered from this disease
* There are colon polyps
* Parents, brothers or sisters have poliopy colon
* Rare disease diagnosed - Family adenomatous polyposis colon cancer
* For a long time (more than 10 years) takes nonspecific ulcerative colitis or Crohn’s disease.

Bowel Cancer Definition

Bowel cancer is a malignant tumor which growing from the mucosa of large intestine (in the initial part of intestine and small intestine, cancer is almost not found).

Cancer can infect any division of digestive tract. Now most prevalent is cancer of the large bowel.

Cancer of the large bowel is a malignant tumor that grows from the mucous membrane, lining the wall of large intestine.

Bowel cancer is rare in people under 40 years, but after 40 the risk increases with each passing year. While the frequency of lung and stomach cancer in recent years has declined, cases of colorectal cancer (colon and rectum) are recorded frequently. Perhaps this is due to the aging process. Methods of bowel cancer treating for the past 20 years have improved significantly. However, the overall prognosis has not changed.

Generally, people are too late to go to a doctor and the key to successful treatment - in the early diagnosis. If you have any of bowel cancer symptoms, then you should visit your doctor as soon as possible.